Madras Community Profile

71 SE “D” Street, Madras, OR 97741
Phone 541-475-2344 • Fax 541-475-7061
Web Page • E-Mail:

City Location

County(ies): Jefferson    Incorporated in 1911
Location: Located in Central Oregon in the heart of Jefferson County at the intersection of US Hwy 26 and 97.
Nearest Major Highway and Distance: US Hwy 97/US. Hwy 26, local
Nearest Major City and Distance:
Bend | 45 miles, Estimated Drive Time: 50 minutes
Distance to Portland: 118 miles

Source: Oregon Department of Transportation, State of Oregon Map; Oregon Blue Book

Recreational Amenities

Warm Springs Indian Reservation, Cove Palisades State Park, International Dance Festival, Lake Billy Chinook, Haystack Reservoir, Mt. Jefferson Wilderness area, Mt.Bachelor, Smith Rock State Park, Timberline and Mt. Hood Meadows. Warm Springs Museum, Collage of Culture, Jefferson County Fair and Rodeo, Jefferson County Sports and Recreation Show, Kah-nee-ta Resort. Rock hounding, fishing, golfing, water skiing, hunting, white water rafting, boating, snow skiing, camping, horseback riding, rock climbing.

Planning a vacation or a tour through an area of Oregon? Visit the Oregon Tourism Commission's web site at for more information.

Source: City Administration, local chamber of commerce, local convention and visitor bureau


Elevation: 2,242'      Measurement Location: Madras

Monthly Ave. Low: 23°F           Monthly Ave. High: 87°F
Hottest Month: July                  Coldest Month: January
Driest Month: July                    Wettest Month: November
Average annual precipitation: 10.900"

Humidity (Hour 10, local time):
Average July afternoon humidity: 34%
Average January afternoon humidity: 77%

Source: Oregon Climate Service

Information in the Community Profiles was derived from many sources, including local, state and federal sources. The Oregon Business Development Department cannot accept responsibility for errors or omissions. Questions and comments may be directed to the department by telephone 503-986-0123, by fax 503-581-5115 or by email

Profile Topics

Community Age Groups
Industries and Products
Demographic Data
5 Largest Employers
Economic Development Orgs
Financial Institutions
Business Taxes
Public Safety
Community Communications
Water Supply
Wastewater Treatment System
Natural Gas & Electrical

Profiles Home Page



City of Madras3,443 5,078 5,600 6,070
Jefferson County 13,676 19,009 20,600 21,410
Sources: 1990, 2000 US Census; 2205, 2006 Center for Population Research and Census, Portland State University. 0 indicates data is unavailable.

Jefferson County 1,791 sq miles   12 persons/sq mile Sources: figures based on 2006 PSU population estimates;
Oregon Bluebook county square mileage

Community Age Groups

Under 5 years0 204 407 521

5-19 years0 0 770 1,305

20-44 years0 0 621 1,900

45-64 years0 0 493 818

65+ years0 327 478 534

Median Age29 0 29 28.7

Source: US Census, 0 or N/A indicates data is not available. Median value is the middle value, not an average.


Total Housing Units1970198019902000Median Value of
Housing, 2000
City of Madras733 1,194 1,374 1,927 $83,500
Jefferson County 2,518 5,098 6,311 8,319 $105,500

City of Madras 2000 Housing Breakout:Also visit Housing and
Community Services Web Site:
Vacancy Rate:9.08%
Median Owner Cost
Owner Occupied:122

Renter Occupied:78
Median Gross Rent:$448

Source: US Census. Median value is the middle value, not an average.

Economic Development and Employment

Principal Industries of the County(ies):
Jefferson County—Agriculture, forestry, recreation and tourism

Source: Oregon Employment Department, Covered Employment and Payroll Reports, 1998

Agricultural Products of the Area (Top 3 largest gross farm sales):
Jefferson County—Grass and legume seeds, field crops, cattle and calves

Source: Oregon State University, Extension Economic Information Office

Total Number of Manufacturing Companies in the County:
Jefferson County 24

Source: Oregon Employment Department, Covered Employment and Payroll Reports, 1998

Total Number of Manufacturing Companies in the City: 14
Source: City Administration

Economic Indicators

Jefferson CountyOregon


Labor Force7,9728,0131,802,9381,793,7731,840,133
Total Employment1,715,4531,679,9141,701,390
Unemployment Rate7.9%7.6%4.9%6.3%7.5%
Non-Farm Payroll Employment6,1506,1201,606,8001,596,1001,572,500
Total Covered Employment5,5715,5821,607,9441,596,9431,573,083
Total Covered Payroll
($ thousands county/
$ millions state)
Ave. Annual Payroll Per Employee$25,467$25,996$32,776$33,202$33,684
Number of Business Units419429108,432111,353113,097
Total Personal Income ($ millions)$387,116$401,823$94,999$98,500$101,358
Annual Per Capita Personal Income$$20,510$27,649$28,40028,792
Assessed Value of Property ($ millions)$0$1,300$198,911$210,435$219,878
Residential Construction
  Building Permits
  Value ($ thousands)





Travel Expenditures ($ millions)$0$54,200$6,133$6,128$6,208
Travel-Related Employment01,07089,80091,10090,200

 Preliminary Data
Sources: Oregon Employment Department; Center for Population Research & Census, PSU; U.S. Census Bureau; Bureau of Economic Analysis; Oregon Tourism Commission; Oregon Department of Revenue; Oregon Economic and Community Development Department.

5 Largest Employers, Public and Private as of January, 2002

Employer—Product/ServiceNumber of
Bright Wood Corp.—Wood Products 1,150

Jefferson County School District—Education 449

Keith Manufacturing—Moving Floor Systems 150

Mt. View Hospital— Health Care Services 170

Erickson's Sentry Market—Grocery 67

Source: City Administration

Oregon Employment Labor Market Information

This link takes you to the Oregon Employment Department, Labor Market Analysis database. County information can be obtained here.—Click on Regional Information.

Local and Regional Economic Development Organizations

City of Madras— 541-475-2344

Jefferson County — 541-475-2499

Madras-Jefferson County Chamber of Commerce— 541-475-2350

Central Oregon Intergovernmental Council— 541-548-8163

Economic Development for Central Oregon— 541-388-3236

Economic & Community Development Department Regional Development Office— 541-388-6262

Source: City Administration, local chamber of commerce, Oregon Economic and Community Development Department


Public and Private Schools K–12

Public School District:
Jefferson County School District 509J
445 SE Buff St
Madras, OR 97741-1595
Phone: 541-475-6192
Fax: 541-475-6856
Web site:

Staff and Enrollments:
District Certified Staff: reported October 2000—217
Total District Enrollment: reported October 2001—3,082

Other Schools in the School District (Private, Parochial)
To see if there are private and/or parochial schools in this district please visit

Source: Oregon Department of Education

Oregon Community Colleges and Public Universities

Oregon map with higher ed institutions identified

legend for map

For a list of public and private educational institutions in Oregon visit


Oregon Economic and Community Development Department Workforce Advocate 503–986–0207, or visit Locate local workforce assistance at

Financial Information

Financial Institutions

Commercial Banks: 5   Savings and Loans: 0   Credit Unions: 0
Lending programs through Central Oregon Intergovernmental Council
Source: City Administration


Sales Tax Oregon has no general sales tax.

Property Tax
Property—Who pays? Owners of real and business personal property, according to the assessed value of taxable residential, commercial, farm, industrial, utility and timber property.

County assessors use permanent rates set for all taxing districts in fiscal year 1997–98, when taxes were significantly reduced with a statewide average 17 percent cut in tax levies. Certain types of levies are outside this reduction. The tax rates cannot exceed $15 per $1,000 of real market value. For 1997–98, all property was valued by county assessors at 90 percent of the July 1, 1995, levels. For subsequent years, assessed values are limited to a 3 percent annual growth rate. Construction since July 1, 1995, is valued at the average rate of similar properties in the area. Business personal property requires annual filing. One–third payment is due by November 15. If fully paid by November 15, a 3 percent discount is allowed. Special exemptions, tax relief programs and deferrals are available. For more information contact the Jefferson County assessor’s office at 541–475–2443.

Tax rates are representative of the largest tax code in the city. The rates are expressed as tax liability per $1,000 of assessed property value.

Jefferson County
Average Compressed Tax Rate 1997-98$13.85
Average Compressed Tax Rate 1998-99$13.50
Average 1999 Housing Value$64,327
Ave Res Property Tax Paid on Ave House 1997-98$0
Ave Res Property Tax Paid on Ave House 1998-99$868.41
Average School rate 1998-99 . . . . . . . . $7.16

Average Non-School Rate 1998-99. . . . $9.94

Average City Rate 1998-99 . . . . . . . . . $4.81

Business Taxes
Property—see above

Income—Corporations doing or authorized to do business in Oregon pay excise tax. Corporations not doing or authorized to do business, but having income from an Oregon source, pay income tax. For more information contact the Oregon Department of Revenue, 955 Center St., NE, Salem, OR 97301, 503–378–4988,

Unemployment Insurance—Employers pay this. For 2002, new employers are assigned a fixed rate of 3 percent of taxable wage base. Tax rates for existing employers are based on employers' experience and range from 1 percent to 5.4 percent of taxable wage base. Taxes are paid quarterly and are due by the end of the month following the quarter. In 2002, the tax is paid on the first $25,000 of wages paid to each employee. The rate schedule in effect depends on the balance in the Trust Fund as of August 31 each year and the amount of revenue needed to maintain the balance at a level adequate to pay benefits. For more information contact the Oregon Employment Department, 875 Union St., NE, Salem, OR 97301, 503–947–1488, web

Utilities, Railroad, Weight-mile—Who pays? All railroads and investor-owned utilities operating with the state pay an annual fee. For-hire and private motor carriers operating into, within and through the state pay weight-mile taxes. Rates—limit of .25 percent of gross operating revenues of investor-owned utilities; .25 percent charged on 2002 revenues. Limit of .35 percent on gross operating revenues of railroads; .267 percent charged in 2002 revenues. Applications, plate fees and per-mile rates dependent on declared combined weight of vehicle. For more information contact the Oregon Public Utility Commission, 550 Capitol St., NE, Suite 215, Salem, OR 97301–2551, 503–378–6611, web; Oregon Department of Transportation, Rail Section, 555 13th St., NE, Salem, OR 97310–1333, 503–986–4125, web; Oregon Department of Transportation, Motor Carrier Transport Branch, 550 Capitol St., NE, Salem, OR 97301–3871, 503–378–6699, web

Oregon's Business Incentives.

Motor Vehicle Licensing, Driver Licensing, Fuels—Who pays? Owners and operators of motor vehicles. Oil companies importing fuels. Truckers using Oregon highways. Fees—Registration fees, driver license fees and renewals (contact the Oregon Driver & Motor Vehicle Services division 503–945–5000, web

Hunting and Fishing Licenses—contact Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, PO Box 59, Portland, OR 97207, general information 503–872–5268, licenses/tags/permits 503–872–5275, web

Amusement Device Tax—An excise tax is imposed upon every person who operates an amusement device in Oregon. An amusement device is a video lottery game terminal. More information from the Oregon Lottery Commission, 500 Airport Rd SE, Salem, 97301, web

Emergency Communications (9–1–1) Tax—Telephone companies providing local exchange access services in Oregon Collect this tax from their customers. The tax, which is $0.75 per line per month, is reported and paid quarterly. More information from the Oregon Department of Revenue, web

Hazardous Substance Fee—Paid by possessors of nonpetroleum hazardous substance. More information from the Oregon Department of Revenue, web

Petroleum Load Fee—Paid by petroleum suppliers and importers to Oregon. More information from the Oregon Department of Revenue, web

Timber Severance Tax—Paid by timber owners on harvested timber’s value. More information from the Oregon Department of Revenue, web

Forest Products Harvest Tax—Paid on timber cut from any land in Oregon. More information from the Oregon Department of Revenue, web

Dry Cleaning Tax—Paid by operators of dry cleaning facilities. More information from the Oregon Department of Revenue, web

Alcoholic Beverages—Manufacturers and/or import wholesalers of malt beverages and wines pay a privilege tax. Manufacturers, wholesalers and retailers of distilled spirits, malt beverages and wines pay license fees. Employees who serve alcoholic beverages pay for service permits. For more information contact the Oregon Liquor Control Commission, PO Box 22297, Portland, OR 97222, 503–872–5000 or 1–800–452–6522 (in Oregon), web

Tobacco Products—Cigarette and tobacco products distributors are required to purchase tax stamps for cigarettes or pay a percentage of the wholesale price on other tobacco products. More information from the Oregon Department of Revenue, web

Transit Payroll Tax–paid by employers in the Tri-Met (Portland area) and Lane Transit District (Eugene) for mass transit systems. Administered by the Department of Revenue, web

Many local governments in Oregon collect other taxes, such as hotel-motel taxes. Contact the city or county in which you are interested for more complete information about taxes in that area.

Source: Oregon Department of Revenue, “A Summary of Taxes,” January 2002; County information–County Assessor’s Office

Community Services and Resources

Public Safety/Emergency Services

Fire Station(s) serving community:
Number of paid and volunteer firefighters: 50 county-wide
Rating by Insurance Services Organization (ISO):
Source: Oregon State Fire Marshal, Oregon Fire Service Resource Directory 2000

Police Department: Madras Police Department
Number of paid and reserve officers: 17

Nearest Hospital and distance: Mountain View Hospital, local
Regional Hospital and distance: St. Charles Medical Center in Bend, 45 miles
Emergency services to community: Ambulance Service, Air Life
General Clinic(s): 2

Source: City Administration

Communications Resources

Local Newspapers: Madras Pioneer

Regional Newspapers: The Bend Bulletin

Radio Stations: None, 18 regional stations

TV Stations: City receives 2 Bend area stations

Available Cable Television: Crestview Cable TV

Telephone Service Provider(s): Qwest, ATG, Unicom

Local Internet Service Provider(s): Yes
Number of Internet Service Providers: Data unavailable at this time.
Source: City Administration

Library System
1 public library

Source: City Administration

Planning Service/Regulatory

Regulatory SystemYear AcknowledgedYear Last
Year of Periodic ReviewComments
Comprehensive Plan1980 1999 2007
Zoning Ordinance

Building Permit System
Contracted to Jefferson County to provide building permit/inspection services
Subdivision Ordinance

Strategic Plan

Territory Covered by Zoning
Municipality Yes     County Data unavailable at this time.
Source: City Administration

Industrial Lands
Does the Community seek industrial development? Yes
Access Statewide industrial lands database—
Source: Economic and Community Development Department

Special Districts and Associations (ports, water, sewer, etc.)
Name of Special District and the Oregon Revised Statute it was created under:
Central Oregon PUD, ORS; Crooked River Ranch R.F.P.D. #VI-503; Jefferson County Emergency Medical Services; Jefferson County E.S.D.; Jefferson County Fire District #1; Jefferson County S.W.C.D.; Mt. View Hospital District; North Unit Irrigation District

Special Districts Association of Oregon—727 Center St., NE Salem, OR 97301, 503–371–8667 or 800–285–5461
Source: City Administration


Water Supply

Operator: City of Madras
District: Deschutes County Water District
Source: Ground Water; Opal Springs
Supply: Capacity (MGD)–5.00; Pressure (PSI)–65.00

Current Water Utilization on Meter Size (MGD): 1.20 MGD
Water Costs per thousand gallons: Base rate per/thousand = $1.07
Water Costs for Total Consumption of Residential: Based on 7,000 gallons =

Age of Water System: 1930

Water System Comment(s): System Development charges $800/20 gallons per minutes. No charge for fine service lines. Hook up fees $750 for 5/8" x 3/4" meter. $30 connection permit.

Compliance Issues: Yes

Water debt repayment included as part of tax assessment? Data unavailable at this time.

Date of Current Master Plan:

Plans for Upgrading or Expanding:
Source: City Administration

Wastewater Treatment System

Operator: City of Madras          Age of Wastewater Collection System: 1976
District: N/A

System Design Capacity (MGD): 0.50 MGD     System Utilization (MGD): 0.45 MGD
Collection System Fees: $31/equivalent dwelling unit    Hook-up or Connection Fee: $425.00
Access Fee or System Development Fee: $2,000/equivalent dwelling unit

Comment(s) on Wastewater System: System was upgraded in 1993. Proposed upgrade in 1999 to increase capacity to 1.0 MGD

Compliance Issues:

Date of Last Facility Plan:

Plans for Upgrade/Expansion: Construction of new plant and collection improvements scheduled for 2000.

Storm Drain: No    Storm Water Discharge Fee:
Fees or issues related to storm drains: System Development charge $200/3,000 sq. ft. of impervious surface
Source: City Administration


Is there access to broadband

If yes, check all that apply:
Microwave Fiberoptic Satellite

Is there route diversity? Yes
AccessMonthly FeeOther Fee
T1 Yes varies by distance
Cable Yes 35 - 50

For Oregon Telecommunications information and resources, visit

Natural Gas—Provider: Cascade Natural Gas
Lines and Feed:

Rate Structure: Cost per therm– Residential: $.91034, minimum $3.00 Commercial $.81773, minimum $3.00 Industrial: $.77969, minimum $12.00

Plans for Upgrade/Expansion:

Electrical—Provider: Pacific Power & Light
Lines and Feed:

Rate Structure #4 Residential: $7.00/month + minimum energy charge of $.06532 cents/kwh

#25 Commercial: Minimum charge varies from $10.20 - $30.60 (based upon Phase and load size) + minimum energy charge of .06314 cents/kwh.

#36 Industrial: Minimum charge varies from $10.20 - $30.60 (based upon Phase and load size) + $2.33/kw per demand peak usage + minimum energy charge of .06314 cents/kwh.

Plans for Upgrade/Expansion:

Solid Waste Management: Madras Sanitary Service

Permit Status:

Utility Expansion Plans:

Utilities Source: City Administration; PGE information supplied by PGE. Note: We update utility rates periodically. Actual rates may change more often than that. For the most current rate for any carrier please consult the Public Utilities Commission web site at Click on the Statistics 200x label (x being the most recent year).


Highways US Hwy 97/US 26 , local access   Transportation Access Fee: $0

Community Air Service Yes Madras Airport If no local service, list closest Air Facility
Air Passenger Service: No
Airport Freight Service: No
Passenger Service: Roberts Field, Redmond Municipal Airport, 28 miles
Air Service Comments: Navigation Aids: VOR radical/distance; Runway Dimensions: 16/34: 5,100' x 75'; 03/21: 2,900' x 50'; Runway surface: asphalt

Rail Service: Yes Union Pacific, Burlington Northern
Freight Service: Yes    Passenger Service: No
If no local service, list closest Rail Service:

Marine No

Transportation issues which might confront development, such as non-attainment air shed, etc.:

Public Transportation Comment:

Bus Service Available in the Community: Yes Greyhound/Amtrak Thruway
Scheduled Bus Service Available: Yes    Buses Per Day: 6
Local Charter Services: Yes Several charter companies serving Central Oregon. Air charter service available.
Distance to Nearest Bus Service:

Trucking Service
Scheduled Freight Carrier Services: No  
Overnight Express Parcel Service Available: Yes 
Overnight Express Mail Service Available: Yes
Transportation Comments:

For more information relating to transportation topics please visit the Department of Transportation web site. Airports (maps and general information); Bicycle and Pedestrian Route information; Public Transportation, bus and rail

Source: City Administration, local chamber of commerce (proprietary information)