Ashland Community Profile

20 E Main Street, Ashland, OR 97520
Phone 541-488-6002 • Fax 541-488-5311
Web Page • E-Mail:

City Location

County(ies): Jackson    Incorporated in 1874
Location: Southwest Oregon, 15 miles north of the Oregon/California border
Nearest Major Highway and Distance: I-5 | local
Nearest Major City and Distance:
Medford | 12 miles, Estimated Drive Time: 15 minutes
Distance to Portland: 297 miles

Source: Oregon Department of Transportation, State of Oregon Map; Oregon Blue Book

Recreational Amenities

Mt. Ashland Ski Resort, Valley Orchards, Rogue River, Shakespearean Festival, lakes, Crater Lake National Park, Peter Britt Music Festival, Emigrant Lake Reservoir, Ashland Ice Rink, Valley of the Rogue State Park, Stewart State Park, Casey State Park, Rogue River National Forest, Klamath National Forest and Rogue River Round-Up.

Planning a vacation or a tour through an area of Oregon? Visit the Oregon Tourism Commission's web site at for more information.

Source: City Administration, local chamber of commerce, local convention and visitor bureau


Elevation: 1,895'      Measurement Location: Ashland

Monthly Ave. Low: 30°F           Monthly Ave. High: 87°F
Hottest Month: July                  Coldest Month: January
Driest Month: July                    Wettest Month: December
Average annual precipitation: 19.160"

Humidity (Hour 10, local time):
Average July afternoon humidity: 45%
Average January afternoon humidity: 88%

Source: Oregon Climate Service

Information in the Community Profiles was derived from many sources, including local, state and federal sources. The Oregon Business Development Department cannot accept responsibility for errors or omissions. Questions and comments may be directed to the department by telephone 503-986-0123, by fax 503-581-5115 or by email

Profile Topics

Community Age Groups
Industries and Products
Demographic Data
5 Largest Employers
Economic Development Orgs
Financial Institutions
Business Taxes
Public Safety
Community Communications
Water Supply
Wastewater Treatment System
Natural Gas & Electrical

Profiles Home Page



City of Ashland16,252 19,522 20,880 21,430
Jackson County 146,389 181,269 194,515 198,615
Sources: 1990, 2000 US Census; 2205, 2006 Center for Population Research and Census, Portland State University. 0 indicates data is unavailable.

Jackson County 2,801 sq miles   71 persons/sq mile Sources: figures based on 2006 PSU population estimates;
Oregon Bluebook county square mileage

Community Age Groups

Under 5 years0 0 787 802

5-19 years0 0 3,625 4,011

20-44 years0 0 6,693 7,995

45-64 years0 0 2,908 5,005

65+ years0 0 2,221 2,923

Median Age0 0 34 37.9

Source: US Census, 0 or N/A indicates data is not available. Median value is the middle value, not an average.


Total Housing Units1970198019902000Median Value of
Housing, 2000
City of Ashland4,098 5,868 7,204 9,071 $185,000
Jackson County 30,077 48,450 60,376 75,737 $140,000

City of Ashland 2000 Housing Breakout:Also visit Housing and
Community Services Web Site:
Vacancy Rate:5.72%
Median Owner Cost
Owner Occupied:4,456

Renter Occupied:4,081
Median Gross Rent:$519

Source: US Census. Median value is the middle value, not an average.

Economic Development and Employment

Principal Industries of the County(ies):
Jackson County—Lumber, recreation and tourism

Source: Oregon Employment Department, Covered Employment and Payroll Reports, 1998

Agricultural Products of the Area (Top 3 largest gross farm sales):
Jackson County—Tree fruits and nuts, cattle and calves, specialty products

Source: Oregon State University, Extension Economic Information Office

Total Number of Manufacturing Companies in the County:
Jackson County 384

Source: Oregon Employment Department, Covered Employment and Payroll Reports, 1998

Total Number of Manufacturing Companies in the City: 36
Source: City Administration

Economic Indicators

Jackson CountyOregon


Labor Force92,50094,1961,802,9381,793,7731,840,133
Total Employment1,715,4531,679,9141,701,390
Unemployment Rate6.3%7.1%4.9%6.3%7.5%
Non-Farm Payroll Employment74,13073,9801,606,8001,596,1001,572,500
Total Covered Employment74,10774,6881,607,9441,596,9431,573,083
Total Covered Payroll
($ thousands county/
$ millions state)
Ave. Annual Payroll Per Employee$27,224$28,098$32,776$33,202$33,684
Number of Business Units5,5085,657108,432111,353113,097
Total Personal Income ($ millions)$473,292$494,013$94,999$98,500$101,358
Annual Per Capita Personal Income$$26,477$27,649$28,40028,792
Assessed Value of Property ($ millions)$0$14,817$198,911$210,435$219,878
Residential Construction
  Building Permits
  Value ($ thousands)





Travel Expenditures ($ millions)$0$275,600$6,133$6,128$6,208
Travel-Related Employment04,15089,80091,10090,200

 Preliminary Data
Sources: Oregon Employment Department; Center for Population Research & Census, PSU; U.S. Census Bureau; Bureau of Economic Analysis; Oregon Tourism Commission; Oregon Department of Revenue; Oregon Economic and Community Development Department.

5 Largest Employers, Public and Private as of September, 2001

Employer—Product/ServiceNumber of
Bear Creek Corporation/Harry & David—Fruit 3,500

Boise Cascade—Plywood 800

Medford, Corp.—Lumber 800

Naumes, Inc.—Fruit 800

Timber Products Co.—Lumber 750

Source: City Administration

Oregon Employment Labor Market Information

This link takes you to the Oregon Employment Department, Labor Market Analysis database. County information can be obtained here.—Click on Regional Information.

Local and Regional Economic Development Organizations

City of Ashland— 541-488-6002

Rogue Valley Council of Governments 541-664-6674

Southern Oregon Regional Economic Development, Inc.— 541-773-8946

Economic & Community Development Department Regional Development Officer— 541-776-6234

Source: City Administration, local chamber of commerce, Oregon Economic and Community Development Department


Public and Private Schools K–12

Public School District:
Ashland School District #5
885 Siskiyou Blvd
Ashland, OR 97520-2197
Phone: 541-482-2811
Fax: 541-482-2185
Web site:

Staff and Enrollments:
District Certified Staff: reported October 2000—209
Total District Enrollment: reported October 2001—3,287

Other Schools in the School District (Private, Parochial)
To see if there are private and/or parochial schools in this district please visit

Source: Oregon Department of Education

Oregon Community Colleges and Public Universities

Oregon map with higher ed institutions identified

legend for map

For a list of public and private educational institutions in Oregon visit


Oregon Economic and Community Development Department Workforce Advocate 503–986–0207, or visit Locate local workforce assistance at

Financial Information

Financial Institutions

Commercial Banks: 6   Savings and Loans: 2   Credit Unions: 1
2 public lending programs available.
Source: City Administration


Sales Tax Oregon has no general sales tax.

Property Tax
Property—Who pays? Owners of real and business personal property, according to the assessed value of taxable residential, commercial, farm, industrial, utility and timber property.

County assessors use permanent rates set for all taxing districts in fiscal year 1997–98, when taxes were significantly reduced with a statewide average 17 percent cut in tax levies. Certain types of levies are outside this reduction. The tax rates cannot exceed $15 per $1,000 of real market value. For 1997–98, all property was valued by county assessors at 90 percent of the July 1, 1995, levels. For subsequent years, assessed values are limited to a 3 percent annual growth rate. Construction since July 1, 1995, is valued at the average rate of similar properties in the area. Business personal property requires annual filing. One–third payment is due by November 15. If fully paid by November 15, a 3 percent discount is allowed. Special exemptions, tax relief programs and deferrals are available. For more information contact the Jackson County assessor’s office at 541–776–7154.

Tax rates are representative of the largest tax code in the city. The rates are expressed as tax liability per $1,000 of assessed property value.

Jackson County
Average Compressed Tax Rate 1997-98$12.43
Average Compressed Tax Rate 1998-99$12.37
Average 1999 Housing Value$101,589
Ave Res Property Tax Paid on Ave House 1997-98$1,230.71
Ave Res Property Tax Paid on Ave House 1998-99$1,256.66
Average School rate 1998-99 . . . . . . . . $6.94

Average Non-School Rate 1998-99. . . . $7.27

Average City Rate 1998-99 . . . . . . . . . $4.92

Business Taxes
Property—see above

Income—Corporations doing or authorized to do business in Oregon pay excise tax. Corporations not doing or authorized to do business, but having income from an Oregon source, pay income tax. For more information contact the Oregon Department of Revenue, 955 Center St., NE, Salem, OR 97301, 503–378–4988,

Unemployment Insurance—Employers pay this. For 2002, new employers are assigned a fixed rate of 3 percent of taxable wage base. Tax rates for existing employers are based on employers' experience and range from 1 percent to 5.4 percent of taxable wage base. Taxes are paid quarterly and are due by the end of the month following the quarter. In 2002, the tax is paid on the first $25,000 of wages paid to each employee. The rate schedule in effect depends on the balance in the Trust Fund as of August 31 each year and the amount of revenue needed to maintain the balance at a level adequate to pay benefits. For more information contact the Oregon Employment Department, 875 Union St., NE, Salem, OR 97301, 503–947–1488, web

Utilities, Railroad, Weight-mile—Who pays? All railroads and investor-owned utilities operating with the state pay an annual fee. For-hire and private motor carriers operating into, within and through the state pay weight-mile taxes. Rates—limit of .25 percent of gross operating revenues of investor-owned utilities; .25 percent charged on 2002 revenues. Limit of .35 percent on gross operating revenues of railroads; .267 percent charged in 2002 revenues. Applications, plate fees and per-mile rates dependent on declared combined weight of vehicle. For more information contact the Oregon Public Utility Commission, 550 Capitol St., NE, Suite 215, Salem, OR 97301–2551, 503–378–6611, web; Oregon Department of Transportation, Rail Section, 555 13th St., NE, Salem, OR 97310–1333, 503–986–4125, web; Oregon Department of Transportation, Motor Carrier Transport Branch, 550 Capitol St., NE, Salem, OR 97301–3871, 503–378–6699, web

Oregon's Business Incentives.

Other incentives: None

Motor Vehicle Licensing, Driver Licensing, Fuels—Who pays? Owners and operators of motor vehicles. Oil companies importing fuels. Truckers using Oregon highways. Fees—Registration fees, driver license fees and renewals (contact the Oregon Driver & Motor Vehicle Services division 503–945–5000, web

Hunting and Fishing Licenses—contact Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife, PO Box 59, Portland, OR 97207, general information 503–872–5268, licenses/tags/permits 503–872–5275, web

Amusement Device Tax—An excise tax is imposed upon every person who operates an amusement device in Oregon. An amusement device is a video lottery game terminal. More information from the Oregon Lottery Commission, 500 Airport Rd SE, Salem, 97301, web

Emergency Communications (9–1–1) Tax—Telephone companies providing local exchange access services in Oregon Collect this tax from their customers. The tax, which is $0.75 per line per month, is reported and paid quarterly. More information from the Oregon Department of Revenue, web

Hazardous Substance Fee—Paid by possessors of nonpetroleum hazardous substance. More information from the Oregon Department of Revenue, web

Petroleum Load Fee—Paid by petroleum suppliers and importers to Oregon. More information from the Oregon Department of Revenue, web

Timber Severance Tax—Paid by timber owners on harvested timber’s value. More information from the Oregon Department of Revenue, web

Forest Products Harvest Tax—Paid on timber cut from any land in Oregon. More information from the Oregon Department of Revenue, web

Dry Cleaning Tax—Paid by operators of dry cleaning facilities. More information from the Oregon Department of Revenue, web

Alcoholic Beverages—Manufacturers and/or import wholesalers of malt beverages and wines pay a privilege tax. Manufacturers, wholesalers and retailers of distilled spirits, malt beverages and wines pay license fees. Employees who serve alcoholic beverages pay for service permits. For more information contact the Oregon Liquor Control Commission, PO Box 22297, Portland, OR 97222, 503–872–5000 or 1–800–452–6522 (in Oregon), web

Tobacco Products—Cigarette and tobacco products distributors are required to purchase tax stamps for cigarettes or pay a percentage of the wholesale price on other tobacco products. More information from the Oregon Department of Revenue, web

Transit Payroll Tax–paid by employers in the Tri-Met (Portland area) and Lane Transit District (Eugene) for mass transit systems. Administered by the Department of Revenue, web

Many local governments in Oregon collect other taxes, such as hotel-motel taxes. Contact the city or county in which you are interested for more complete information about taxes in that area.

Source: Oregon Department of Revenue, “A Summary of Taxes,” January 2002; County information–County Assessor’s Office

Community Services and Resources

Public Safety/Emergency Services

Fire Station(s) serving community: Ashland Fire & Rescue, 2 stations
Number of paid and volunteer firefighters: 27
Rating by Insurance Services Organization (ISO): 4*
Comments: 2000 data; *ISO rating unreported in directory
Source: Oregon State Fire Marshal, Oregon Fire Service Resource Directory 2000

Police Department: Ashland Police Department
Number of paid and reserve officers: 30

Nearest Hospital and distance: Ashland Community Hospital, local
Regional Hospital and distance: Ashland Community Hospital, local
Emergency services to community: Ambulance Service
General Clinic(s): 0

Source: City Administration

Communications Resources

Local Newspapers: Ashland Daily Tidings

Regional Newspapers: Medford Mail Tribune

Radio Stations: 15 stations in the area

TV Stations: City receives Medford area stations

Available Cable Television: Charter Cable and Ashland Fiber Network

Telephone Service Provider(s): Qwest

Local Internet Service Provider(s): Yes
Number of Internet Service Providers: 5
Source: City Administration

Library System
2 public libraries

Source: City Administration

Planning Service/Regulatory

Regulatory SystemYear AcknowledgedYear Last
Year of Periodic ReviewComments
Comprehensive Plan1983
Zoning Ordinance

Building Permit System

Subdivision Ordinance

Strategic Plan

Territory Covered by Zoning
Municipality Yes     County Data unavailable at this time.
Source: City Administration

Industrial Lands
Does the Community seek industrial development? Yes
Access Statewide industrial lands database—
Source: Economic and Community Development Department

Special Districts and Associations (ports, water, sewer, etc.)
Name of Special District and the Oregon Revised Statute it was created under:
Applegate Valley R.F.P.D. #9, ORS; Bear Valley Sanitary Authority; Charlotte Ann Water District; Coalmine Road Improvement District; Colestin Rural Fire District; Eagle Point Irrigation District; Elk City Water District; Jackson County E.S.D.; Jackson County Fire District #3; Jackson County Fire District #4; Jackson County Fire District #5; Jackson County Fire District #6; Jackson County Vector Control District; Jackson S.W.C.D.; Jacksonville Highway Water District; Kings Highway Water District; Lake Creek R.F.P.D.-Jackson County; Little Butte Irrigation Company; Medford Irrigation District; Medford R.F.P.D. #2; Nye Ditch Users, Inc.; Prospect R.F.P.D.; Rogue River R.F.P.D.; Rogue River Valley Irrigation District; Rogue Valley Council of Governments; Rogue Valley Transit District; Sams Valley Irrigation Association; Southern Oregon Regional Communications; Table Rock District Improvement Company; Talent Irrigation District; Valley Vista Estates Water Improvement District; Southern Oregon Regional Economic Development, Inc.

Special Districts Association of Oregon—727 Center St., NE Salem, OR 97301, 503–371–8667 or 800–285–5461
Source: City Administration


Water Supply

Operator: City of Ashland
Source: Surface Water; Ashland Creek, Reeder Reservoir; Talent Irrigation District
Supply: Capacity (MGD)–12.00; Pressure (PSI)–90.00

Current Water Utilization on Meter Size (MGD): 2.00-6.00 MGD
Water Costs per thousand gallons: Base rate per/thousand =34" $8.30; 1" $16.60; 1.5" $23.65; 2" $31.15; 3" $62.25; 4" $99.60; 6" $186.75; 8" $311.25. Basic monthly charge based on meter size
Water Costs for Total Consumption of Residential: Based on 7,000 gallons = $22.00

Age of Water System: 1908

Water System Comment(s): Sys. Dev. charges: supply $292.81; water distribution $342.78; water treatment $366.68; 16 fixture unit $1,002; one fixture $62.64. Hook up fees: 3/4" $1,045; 1" $1,192; 1.5" $1,641; 2" $1,794; 3" + $cost; 8" & one fire hydrant per 335' $49/foot

Compliance Issues: None

Water debt repayment included as part of tax assessment? No

Date of Current Master Plan:

Plans for Upgrading or Expanding: Most recent upgrade occurred in 1996.
Source: City Administration

Wastewater Treatment System

Operator: City of Ashland          Age of Wastewater Collection System: 1936

System Design Capacity (MGD): 3.10 MGD     System Utilization (MGD): 1.82 MGD
Collection System Fees: $11.50/mo + $1.82/100cu.ft.    Hook-up or Connection Fee: 4" $1,345; 6" $1,405; 8" $1,425
Access Fee or System Development Fee: Treatment $1,705; collection $203.00; 16 fixture units $1,908; one fixture $119.28

Comment(s) on Wastewater System: Plant is currently in final and should be complete by September 2003.

Compliance Issues: None

Date of Last Facility Plan:

Plans for Upgrade/Expansion: None

Storm Drain: Yes    Storm Water Discharge Fee:
Fees or issues related to storm drains: Minimum charge $1.93/month. Storm SDC $.1324/sq. ft of impervious area. Storm water discharge fee $.65/1,000 sq. ft. of impervious area.
Source: City Administration


Is there access to broadband

If yes, check all that apply:

Is there route diversity? Yes
AccessMonthly FeeOther Fee
T1 Yes
Cable Yes

For Oregon Telecommunications information and resources, visit

Natural Gas—Provider: Avista
Lines and Feed: Lines within city 2"-10" mains typically operate at 4-44 PSI. Supporting gas transmission supplied from Northwest Pipeline Corp and PGT.

Rate Structure: #410 Residential: $.52685/therm + $4.00/month #420 Commercial: $.48274/therm + $4.00/month; #424 Large Commercial: $.44260/therm + $65.00/month; #440 Interruptible: $.31976/therm + $1,212.85/month

Plans for Upgrade/Expansion: None

Electrical—Provider: City of Ashland
Lines and Feed: 115 kv, 69 kv - transmission lines; 12.47kv - distribution lines

Rate Structure Residential: Basic Charge $6.53. First 500 KWH .040800/kwh, balance of kwh .050200/kwh.
Commercial/Large user rates available upon request from City.

Temp service drop $95.00, single phase; $195.00, three phase; connect fee $10.00; reconnect fee $16.00 working hours, $55.00 after hours/weekends or holidays; unauthorized connection $150.00

Plans for Upgrade/Expansion: None

Solid Waste Management: Ashland Sanitary

Permit Status: Current

Utility Expansion Plans: Fiber optic network completed in 2001

Utilities Source: City Administration; PGE information supplied by PGE. Note: We update utility rates periodically. Actual rates may change more often than that. For the most current rate for any carrier please consult the Public Utilities Commission web site at Click on the Statistics 200x label (x being the most recent year).


Highways I-5 N/S route, local   Transportation Access Fee: $0

Community Air Service Yes Ashland Municipal Airport If no local service, list closest Air Facility
Air Passenger Service: Yes
Airport Freight Service: Yes Medford International Airport 12 miles
Air Service Comments: Navigation Aids: VOR; NDB; runway dimensions: 12/30: 3,603' x 75'; runway surface: asphalt, good condition; local charter service available

Rail Service: Yes Central Oregon, Pacific Railroad
Freight Service: Yes    Passenger Service: No
If no local service, list closest Rail Service:

Marine No

Transportation issues which might confront development, such as non-attainment air shed, etc.:

Public Transportation Comment:

Bus Service Available in the Community: Yes RVTD
Scheduled Bus Service Available: Yes    Buses Per Day: 2
Local Charter Services: No 
Distance to Nearest Bus Service:

Trucking Service
Scheduled Freight Carrier Services: No  
Overnight Express Parcel Service Available: No 
Overnight Express Mail Service Available: No
Transportation Comments:

For more information relating to transportation topics please visit the Department of Transportation web site. Airports (maps and general information); Bicycle and Pedestrian Route information; Public Transportation, bus and rail

Source: City Administration, local chamber of commerce (proprietary information)